Amphetamine – temporary euphoria and a lot of damage. Action and effects of taking amphetamine
Amphetamine has little medical use. It is mainly used as a drug. Amphetamine is not physically addictive but causes severe psychological addiction.
Amphetamine: what is it?
Amphetamines are a group of chemical compounds that are a very common but illegal psychotropic agent. It is a drug that leads to severe mental addiction, destruction of the body (eventually to death) and social exclusion. Amphetamine is taken intravenously, orally, through the nose or smoking. In general, it causes extreme psychomotor stimulation for several hours. The most popular variant of amphetamine is methamphetamine. It has a slightly different structure, but gives very similar effects. To learn more about drugs in general, click here (extended definition from the Great Medical Encyclopedia) – Recovery Direct in South Africa
Amphetamine: how does it work?
Amphetamine stimulates the transmission of impulses between brain neurons. Stimulates the functioning of the cerebral cortex and the activity of neurotransmitters. As a result of these processes, concentration increases, fatigue decreases, appetite disappears, and endurance increases. The more often amphetamine is taken, the higher the dose you need to take to achieve the “desired” effect.
Amphetamine: effects of taking
Amphetamine usually does not cause physical addiction (and if so, very weak, manifested by slight dizziness and shortness of breath). However, this does not mean that amphetamine does not cause physical harm! Often taken, it leads to destruction of the body and serious mental problems. The immediate effects of taking amphetamines are felt for 2-3 hours after taking the drug.
One-off effects of taking amphetamine are:
- strong psychomotor agitation,
- increased heart rate
- fast breathing
- high blood pressure
- dilated pupils,
- dry mouth,
- increased urine output,
- formations (the impression that insects walk on the skin),
- temporary improvement of concentration,
- temporary improvement of remembering skills,
- a subjective sense of power,
- not feeling anxiety (carelessness, risky behavior),
- inability to rationally assess one’s own behavior,
After taking amphetamine for several days, the body is completely exhausted. A person who has taken the drug falls into a very long sleep lasting up to 48 hours.
The long-term physical effects of amphetamine drug use are:
- general nervousness,
- weight loss,
- trouble sleeping,
- leaching vitamins from the body,
- menstrual cycle disorders,
- tooth enamel damage,
- kidney and liver damage,
- decreased potency and a simultaneous increase in sex drive (inability to achieve ejaculation and orgasm).
- mood swings,
- anhedonia (inability to feel pleasure),
- amphetamine psychosis (delays, delusions, hallucinations, persecution mania; schizophrenia-like states),
- deep depression.
An overdose of amphetamine alone results in extreme stimulation, hallucinations, elevated body temperature, circulatory failure, microvascular, respiratory muscle paralysis, and even stroke or heart attack! Contaminated amphetamine sold on the streets may contain lead acetate, so it also creates a risk of lead poisoning.
Amphetamine: use in medicine
Amphetamine for medical purposes began to be used in the 1920s. It was known as benzedrine. Attempts have been made to use it to treat bronchial asthma, obesity and narcolepsy. Athletes accepted it as part of doping. It was also used by German and Allied soldiers during World War II.
Today, it is used sporadically in medicine, functioning primarily as a drug. She was removed from the Polish drug database. In a few countries, it is used to treat hyperactivity disorder in children, depression, coma and narcolepsy.
Amphetamine: addiction treatment – addiction treatment in Cape Town
How to treat amphetamine addiction? This drug mainly causes mental addiction, which is why the treatment is based primarily on psychological therapies (for example, cognitive-behavioral therapy). If an addicted person has anxiety, depression or psychosis, you need to introduce pharmacological measures. Addiction treatment also involves combating the resulting diseases (HIV infection, cachexia and so on).